Summary Offense: Case Outcomes

Year End 12/31/2021

Definitions | Limitations

A case outcome refers to how the case is resolved in court. Case outcomes include Dismissal or Withdrawal, Diversion, a Guilty verdict, a Guilty plea, or an Acquittal (Not Guilty verdict). Except in the case of Acquittal, any outcome is subject to change through Refile, Reconsideration, or Appeal.

0

Average Diversions

per Month

23%

Diversion Rate

per Summary Adjudication

47

Proportion of Retail Theft Cases

Resolved as Summaries

0

Minor Violations Adjudicated

All Offenses

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,321 2,146 1,892 1,821 3,731 3,471 541 455 -16%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1,268 1,183 874 700 638 548 128 1 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 837 593 340 243 164 124 35 3 -91%
Guilty 4,892 4,480 3,091 2,826 1,402 759 86 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 183 579 615 274 368 73 3 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 4,058 2,417 2,294 2,780 3,414 2,896 3,724 4,693 26%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 1 15 0 14 0 3 Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 501 529 364 279 315 316 67 80 19%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1,753 1,137 900 560 668 425 157 1 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 212 204 102 38 19 15 1 5 400%
Guilty 1,859 1,544 868 398 213 119 15 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 122 262 186 49 58 17 8 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,068 772 520 499 465 328 388 467 20%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,388 2,445 880 528 547 469 89 68 -24%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 984 758 242 221 209 51 7 1 -86%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1,559 1,331 309 157 91 101 8 2 -75%
Guilty 9,676 9,450 2,121 651 295 217 15 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 502 1,286 572 73 76 12 3 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 3,445 1,715 833 671 496 382 497 652 31%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 5,210 5,120 3,137 2,643 4,593 4,270 697 606 -13%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 4,005 3,078 2,016 1,481 1,515 1,024 292 3 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2,608 2,128 751 438 274 240 44 10 -77%
Guilty 16,427 15,474 6,080 3,875 1,910 1,095 116 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 807 2,127 1,373 396 502 102 14 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 8,571 4,904 3,647 3,950 4,375 3,606 4,609 5,812 26%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 24% 24% 28% 31% 59% 70% 68% 99% 46%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 13% 13% 13% 12% 10% 11% 16% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 9% 7% 5% 4% 3% 2% 4% 1% -75%
Guilty 51% 50% 45% 48% 22% 15% 11% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 6% 9% 5% 6% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 43% 27% 34% 47% 54% 58% 469% 1022% 118%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 0% 100% 100% 0% 100% 0% 100% Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 11% 14% 15% 21% 25% 35% 27% 93% 244%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 39% 31% 37% 42% 52% 48% 63% 1% -98%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 5% 6% 4% 3% 1% 2% 0% 6% Inf%
Guilty 42% 42% 36% 30% 17% 13% 6% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 7% 8% 4% 5% 2% 3% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 24% 21% 21% 38% 37% 37% 156% 543% 248%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 16% 16% 21% 32% 45% 55% 73% 96% 32%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 7% 5% 6% 14% 17% 6% 6% 1% -83%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 10% 9% 7% 10% 7% 12% 7% 3% -57%
Guilty 64% 62% 51% 40% 24% 26% 12% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 8% 14% 4% 6% 1% 2% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 23% 11% 20% 41% 41% 45% 407% 918% 126%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 18% 18% 23% 30% 52% 63% 60% 98% 63%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 14% 11% 15% 17% 17% 15% 25% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 9% 8% 6% 5% 3% 4% 4% 2% -50%
Guilty 57% 55% 46% 44% 22% 16% 10% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 8% 10% 4% 6% 2% 1% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 29% 18% 27% 45% 50% 54% 396% 939% 137%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Property

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 1,082 926 932 935 1,672 1,769 333 210 -37%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 622 508 411 289 298 273 79 1 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 244 180 134 82 75 85 29 2 -93%
Guilty 482 337 273 148 107 197 72 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 13 46 70 6 16 13 1 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,316 1,044 852 740 884 1,032 1,781 2,449 38%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 1 2 0 9 1 0 0 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 5 400%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 556 563 337 403 1,487 1,009 65 110 69%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 336 416 217 166 202 149 13 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 281 215 77 57 47 18 1 0 -100%
Guilty 2,452 2,286 1,231 1,285 892 339 2 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 57 271 132 98 234 38 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,938 652 832 1,473 2,011 1,447 1,404 1,425 1%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 434 474 508 382 433 578 111 122 10%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 286 248 239 240 138 126 36 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 231 154 101 93 35 21 4 1 -75%
Guilty 1,602 1,636 1,440 1,334 371 210 11 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 67 202 366 163 114 19 2 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 600 586 507 489 459 373 456 675 48%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 166 127 80 87 118 112 32 13 -59%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 10 2 4 5 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 46 32 25 11 6 0 1 0 -100%
Guilty 82 78 66 32 25 13 1 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 21 15 21 3 3 3 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 126 100 92 67 58 42 81 138 70%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 83 55 33 14 12 2 0 0 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 13 9 3 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 35 12 3 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 274 143 81 27 7 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 25 45 26 4 1 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 78 35 11 11 2 1 1 1 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,321 2,146 1,892 1,821 3,731 3,471 541 455 -16%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1,268 1,183 874 700 638 548 128 1 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 837 593 340 243 164 124 35 3 -91%
Guilty 4,892 4,480 3,091 2,826 1,402 759 86 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 183 579 615 274 368 73 3 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 4,058 2,417 2,294 2,780 3,414 2,896 3,724 4,693 26%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 44% 46% 51% 64% 77% 76% 65% 99% 52%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 25% 25% 23% 20% 14% 12% 15% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 10% 9% 7% 6% 3% 4% 6% 1% -83%
Guilty 20% 17% 15% 10% 5% 8% 14% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1% 2% 4% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 54% 52% 47% 51% 41% 44% 346% 1150% 232%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 100% 100% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 15% 15% 17% 20% 52% 65% 80% 100% 25%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 9% 11% 11% 8% 7% 10% 16% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 8% 6% 4% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0% -100%
Guilty 67% 61% 62% 64% 31% 22% 2% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 7% 7% 5% 8% 2% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 53% 17% 42% 73% 70% 93% 1733% 1295% -25%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 17% 17% 19% 17% 40% 61% 68% 99% 46%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 11% 9% 9% 11% 13% 13% 22% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 9% 6% 4% 4% 3% 2% 2% 1% -50%
Guilty 61% 60% 54% 60% 34% 22% 7% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 7% 14% 7% 10% 2% 1% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 23% 22% 19% 22% 42% 39% 278% 549% 97%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 51% 50% 41% 63% 78% 88% 94% 100% 6%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 3% 1% 2% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 14% 13% 13% 8% 4% 0% 3% 0% -100%
Guilty 25% 31% 34% 23% 16% 10% 3% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 6% 11% 2% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 39% 39% 47% 49% 38% 33% 238% 1062% 346%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19% 21% 23% 31% 57% 100% 0% 0% 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 3% 3% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 8% 5% 2% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 64% 54% 55% 60% 33% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 17% 18% 9% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 18% 13% 8% 24% 10% 50% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 24% 24% 28% 31% 59% 70% 68% 99% 46%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 13% 13% 13% 12% 10% 11% 16% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 9% 7% 5% 4% 3% 2% 4% 1% -75%
Guilty 51% 50% 45% 48% 22% 15% 11% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 6% 9% 5% 6% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 43% 27% 34% 47% 54% 58% 469% 1022% 118%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Drugs

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 1 15 0 14 0 3 Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 1 15 0 14 0 3 Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 0% 100% 100% 0% 100% 0% 100% Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 0% 100% 100% 0% 100% 0% 100% Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Other

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 384 395 264 224 246 265 60 71 18%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 729 485 549 253 157 111 22 1 -95%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 161 159 82 29 11 15 0 0 0%
Guilty 1,349 1,102 590 293 157 97 9 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 95 210 130 40 47 15 2 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 879 628 447 433 418 303 346 399 15%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 52 39 24 14 30 30 7 8 14%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 949 592 311 276 494 295 130 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 10 4 5 1 2 0 1 5 400%
Guilty 129 61 46 35 26 8 6 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12 14 7 6 6 2 6 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 66 40 18 24 10 6 24 31 29%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 63 84 69 37 33 16 0 1 Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 75 60 40 29 17 19 5 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 33 37 13 8 6 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 375 374 224 66 29 13 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 15 37 45 3 5 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 123 100 55 42 37 18 15 31 107%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2 11 7 4 6 5 0 0 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 8 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty 6 7 8 4 1 1 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 4 0 0 0 1 3 6 100%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 501 529 364 279 315 316 67 80 19%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1,753 1,137 900 560 668 425 157 1 -99%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 212 204 102 38 19 15 1 5 400%
Guilty 1,859 1,544 868 398 213 119 15 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 122 262 186 49 58 17 8 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,068 772 520 499 465 328 388 467 20%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Summary Offense Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 14% 17% 16% 27% 40% 53% 65% 99% 52%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 27% 21% 34% 30% 25% 22% 24% 1% -96%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 6% 7% 5% 3% 2% 3% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 50% 47% 37% 35% 25% 19% 10% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 9% 8% 5% 8% 3% 2% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 32% 27% 28% 52% 68% 60% 372% 554% 49%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 5% 5% 6% 4% 5% 9% 5% 62% 1140%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 82% 83% 79% 83% 89% 88% 87% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 38% 3700%
Guilty 11% 9% 12% 11% 5% 2% 4% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 4% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 6% 6% 5% 7% 2% 2% 16% 238% 1388%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 11% 14% 18% 26% 37% 33% 0% 100% Inf%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 13% 10% 10% 20% 19% 40% 100% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 6% 6% 3% 6% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 67% 63% 57% 46% 32% 27% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 6% 12% 2% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 22% 17% 14% 29% 41% 38% 300% 3100% 933%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 12% 48% 33% 40% 86% 83% 0% 0% 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 50% 17% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty 38% 30% 38% 40% 14% 17% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 4% 19% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0% 17% 0% 0% 0% 17% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 11% 14% 15% 21% 25% 35% 27% 93% 244%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 39% 31% 37% 42% 52% 48% 63% 1% -98%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 5% 6% 4% 3% 1% 2% 0% 6% Inf%
Guilty 42% 42% 36% 30% 17% 13% 6% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 7% 8% 4% 5% 2% 3% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 24% 21% 21% 38% 37% 37% 156% 543% 248%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.