Case Outcomes

Year End 12/31/2021

Definitions | Limitations

A case outcome refers to how the case is resolved in court. Case outcomes include Dismissal or Withdrawal, Diversion, a Guilty verdict, a Guilty plea, or an Acquittal (Not Guilty verdict). Except in the case of Acquittal, any outcome is subject to change through Refile, Reconsideration, or Appeal.

44

Average Diversions

per Month YTD

7%

of Adjudicated

Drug Possession Cases Diverted

24

Days since last

Poss. of Marijuana

Conviction

All Offenses

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 5,015 4,715 4,194 4,339 4,328 4,236 2,483 4,491 81%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 28 33 19 23 9 16 43 48 12%
Diversion 249 338 347 243 258 297 118 117 -1%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 3,108 2,701 2,612 2,493 2,456 1,590 718 1,284 79%
Guilty 1,057 1,027 894 803 583 492 170 271 59%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 700 775 605 535 392 421 95 184 94%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 31 26 35 26 34 37 21 22 5%
Open Cases at End of Period 8,631 8,071 6,965 6,439 5,439 6,851 10,903 10,292 -6%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,621 2,506 2,701 3,064 2,964 2,547 1,325 3,025 128%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 55 22 43 36 51 55 173 95 -45%
Diversion 1,109 1,213 1,061 784 665 497 257 96 -63%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 3,100 3,040 2,919 2,693 2,140 1,452 515 769 49%
Guilty 1,137 1,093 905 800 305 109 35 34 -3%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 255 216 163 148 111 77 13 23 77%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 19 22 15 13 12 8 7 7 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 6,819 6,328 5,687 5,461 4,456 5,005 7,942 6,949 -13%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,345 1,983 1,925 2,704 4,637 4,606 2,343 3,461 48%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 764 435 328 280 390 499 1,112 906 -19%
Diversion 3,860 2,755 2,472 2,353 2,106 1,858 1,031 116 -89%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 5,214 4,681 4,292 4,166 3,700 2,851 739 1,021 38%
Guilty 3,691 3,022 2,342 2,093 1,121 390 77 52 -32%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 356 333 315 302 172 124 25 28 12%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 186 528 200 225 219 125 58 279 381%
Open Cases at End of Period 13,575 11,688 10,878 12,026 10,898 11,295 12,906 11,557 -10%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 317 275 334 393 545 630 296 1,059 258%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 2 1 0 0 2 1 2 3 50%
Diversion 8 17 13 13 54 50 29 32 10%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 616 565 573 626 827 517 237 591 149%
Guilty 106 147 114 107 58 47 16 47 194%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 89 77 79 79 58 77 21 33 57%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 7 7 3 4 5 5 6 20%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,302 1,261 1,333 1,480 1,251 1,536 3,911 3,873 -1%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 1,605 1,672 1,480 1,849 1,997 2,137 970 1,419 46%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 103 120 68 68 95 97 75 35 -53%
Diversion 950 1,487 1,478 1,155 1,039 760 350 67 -81%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2,104 1,791 1,737 1,432 1,250 1,030 310 304 -2%
Guilty 1,373 1,259 928 1,024 403 261 73 73 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 319 295 366 541 323 189 45 58 29%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 81 81 80 51 44 89 35 61 74%
Open Cases at End of Period 5,285 5,050 4,733 4,357 3,918 3,442 4,487 5,309 18%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 741 705 725 727 762 740 502 771 54%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 17 14 12 13 10 16 57 28 -51%
Diversion 243 292 184 168 132 178 87 24 -72%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 681 690 570 539 568 380 200 311 56%
Guilty 366 344 250 210 130 64 29 25 -14%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 150 136 130 114 61 38 20 29 45%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 51 21 19 15 315 19 8 10 25%
Open Cases at End of Period 2,064 2,009 1,868 1,741 1,213 1,400 1,898 1,862 -2%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 12,644 11,856 11,359 13,076 15,233 14,896 7,919 14,226 80%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 969 625 470 420 557 684 1,462 1,115 -24%
Diversion 6,419 6,102 5,555 4,716 4,254 3,640 1,872 452 -76%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 14,823 13,468 12,703 11,949 10,941 7,820 2,719 4,280 57%
Guilty 7,730 6,892 5,433 5,037 2,600 1,363 400 502 26%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1,869 1,832 1,658 1,719 1,117 926 219 355 62%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 369 685 356 333 628 283 134 385 187%
Open Cases at End of Period 37,676 34,407 31,464 31,504 27,175 29,529 42,047 39,842 -5%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 49% 49% 48% 51% 54% 60% 68% 70% 3%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0%
Diversion 2% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 3% 2% -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 31% 28% 30% 29% 30% 22% 20% 20% 0%
Guilty 10% 11% 10% 9% 7% 7% 5% 4% -20%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 7% 8% 7% 6% 5% 6% 3% 3% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 85% 84% 80% 76% 67% 97% 299% 160% -46%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 32% 31% 35% 41% 47% 54% 57% 75% 32%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 7% 2% -71%
Diversion 13% 15% 14% 10% 11% 10% 11% 2% -82%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 37% 37% 37% 36% 34% 31% 22% 19% -14%
Guilty 14% 13% 12% 11% 5% 2% 2% 1% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 82% 78% 73% 72% 71% 105% 342% 172% -50%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 14% 14% 16% 22% 38% 44% 44% 59% 34%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 5% 3% 3% 2% 3% 5% 21% 15% -29%
Diversion 24% 20% 21% 19% 17% 18% 19% 2% -89%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 32% 34% 36% 34% 30% 27% 14% 17% 21%
Guilty 22% 22% 20% 17% 9% 4% 1% 1% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 4% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 5% 400%
Open Cases at End of Period 83% 85% 92% 99% 88% 108% 240% 197% -18%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 28% 25% 30% 32% 35% 47% 49% 60% 22%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 4% 5% 2% -60%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 54% 52% 51% 51% 53% 39% 39% 33% -15%
Guilty 9% 13% 10% 9% 4% 4% 3% 3% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8% 7% 7% 6% 4% 6% 3% 2% -33%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 114% 116% 119% 121% 81% 116% 645% 219% -66%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 25% 25% 24% 30% 39% 47% 52% 70% 35%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 4% 2% -50%
Diversion 15% 22% 24% 19% 20% 17% 19% 3% -84%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 32% 27% 28% 23% 24% 23% 17% 15% -12%
Guilty 21% 19% 15% 17% 8% 6% 4% 4% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 4% 6% 9% 6% 4% 2% 3% 50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 50%
Open Cases at End of Period 81% 75% 77% 71% 76% 75% 241% 263% 9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 33% 32% 38% 41% 39% 52% 56% 64% 14%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 6% 2% -67%
Diversion 11% 13% 10% 9% 7% 12% 10% 2% -80%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 30% 31% 30% 30% 29% 26% 22% 26% 18%
Guilty 16% 16% 13% 12% 7% 4% 3% 2% -33%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 7% 6% 7% 6% 3% 3% 2% 2% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2% 1% 1% 1% 16% 1% 1% 1% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 92% 91% 99% 97% 61% 98% 210% 155% -26%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 28% 29% 30% 35% 43% 50% 54% 67% 24%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 10% 5% -50%
Diversion 14% 15% 15% 13% 12% 12% 13% 2% -85%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 33% 32% 34% 32% 31% 26% 18% 20% 11%
Guilty 17% 17% 14% 14% 7% 5% 3% 2% -33%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 4% 4% 5% 3% 3% 1% 2% 100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 100%
Open Cases at End of Period 84% 83% 84% 85% 77% 100% 286% 187% -35%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Violent

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · 0 1 2 1 10 3 18 500%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion · 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · 5 18 34 38 28 26 39 50%
Guilty · 0 6 28 27 12 8 15 88%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · 0 0 0 8 4 5 7 40%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · 81 120 127 159 235 374 459 23%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 6 10 10 5 1 15 3 2 -33%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 124 105 84 69 55 66 30 60 100%
Guilty 115 93 54 37 31 32 4 12 200%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 17 15 18 10 9 8 0 5 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 3 2 1 2 5 13 9 8 -11%
Open Cases at End of Period 564 412 301 264 258 193 238 217 -9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 83 50 49 44 45 34 39 67 72%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 159 178 105 83 66 37 9 45 400%
Guilty 63 76 49 34 19 9 6 15 150%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 78 44 35 19 5 21 4 5 25%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 620 399 290 225 155 286 390 305 -22%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · 19 24 51 70 61 20 100 400%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion · 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · 2 66 132 123 88 46 119 159%
Guilty · 0 32 32 24 31 5 26 420%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · 2 6 10 17 38 6 9 50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · 235 334 358 310 394 694 798 15%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 61 75 64 69 112 73 36 96 167%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 114 100 88 102 118 93 40 80 100%
Guilty 34 47 44 55 60 53 16 22 38%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12 24 14 26 18 30 7 8 14%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 1 0 1 0 0 3 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 419 408 386 394 352 405 621 566 -9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 446 294 253 267 252 287 123 278 126%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 5 0 0 0 0 2 2 0%
Diversion 4 2 1 0 3 3 0 5 Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 473 391 427 429 428 194 100 144 44%
Guilty 54 76 64 45 20 25 2 15 650%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 41 52 37 27 15 13 2 13 550%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 100%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,245 1,035 896 792 477 512 807 637 -21%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 468 427 350 388 365 326 228 293 29%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1 3 0 1 0 0 0 2 Inf%
Diversion 4 17 11 5 9 9 2 3 50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 331 246 239 208 245 137 58 80 38%
Guilty 83 53 37 45 18 9 4 10 150%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 34 20 18 12 5 12 0 8 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 536 483 407 418 317 406 601 498 -17%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,352 2,203 2,126 1,700 1,659 1,700 962 1,921 100%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 10 5 6 3 1 4 7 3 -57%
Diversion 68 76 74 42 56 74 24 16 -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1,206 1,037 972 860 839 503 217 403 86%
Guilty 354 345 292 260 168 122 52 82 58%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 266 337 253 186 127 114 32 48 50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 3 2 2 2 6 7 6 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 3,325 3,226 2,659 2,171 1,844 2,389 3,867 3,482 -10%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · · 0 224 248 265 218 335 54%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · · 0 0 0 1 1 0 -100%
Diversion · · 0 0 0 0 0 1 Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · · 0 19 36 42 21 24 14%
Guilty · · 0 6 10 12 4 5 25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · · 0 9 9 9 1 1 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · · 0 0 0 1 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · · 5 102 122 205 294 269 -9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 992 1,000 782 884 830 857 457 652 43%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 9 8 4 11 6 7 11 22 100%
Diversion 95 159 172 139 124 131 56 63 12%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 286 245 225 197 154 124 42 58 38%
Guilty 155 137 142 111 86 96 29 33 14%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 144 137 142 124 92 96 13 36 177%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 16 8 19 10 16 11 1 7 600%
Open Cases at End of Period 828 749 628 617 605 671 1,149 1,124 -2%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 40 40 20 17 30 23 18 34 89%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 3 Inf%
Diversion 4 4 6 3 5 2 4 1 -75%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 24 40 33 29 19 11 8 12 50%
Guilty 16 19 19 3 5 4 4 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 14 8 8 10 3 0 2 1 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 4 3 4 1 2 0 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 127 98 62 61 36 66 92 99 8%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 59 42 49 56 87 54 42 85 102%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 4 3 2 3 4 2 2 1 -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 117 126 113 108 123 114 44 95 116%
Guilty 26 35 16 34 37 37 15 20 33%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8 10 10 22 15 23 4 9 125%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 2 1 3 0 1 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 247 249 232 262 237 299 439 418 -5%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 22 21 22 29 23 26 12 52 333%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 1 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 41 28 22 16 24 21 16 23 44%
Guilty 4 9 1 3 0 2 1 1 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 44 41 48 44 49 68 126 113 -10%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 39 31 41 52 41 59 26 67 158%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 54 47 52 66 67 34 17 38 124%
Guilty 7 13 7 4 8 4 4 3 -25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2 3 3 4 2 2 5 4 -20%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 123 137 147 120 92 133 188 167 -11%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 447 503 403 551 564 446 296 491 66%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 7 9 6 8 2 4 22 16 -27%
Diversion 69 76 80 51 52 72 30 26 -13%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 179 151 168 141 121 98 44 64 45%
Guilty 146 124 131 106 70 44 16 12 -25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 82 121 61 76 66 51 14 30 114%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 3 6 5 4 3 3 1 2 100%
Open Cases at End of Period 553 518 450 484 426 589 1,023 1,140 11%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 5,015 4,715 4,194 4,339 4,328 4,236 2,483 4,491 81%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 28 33 19 23 9 16 43 48 12%
Diversion 249 338 347 243 258 297 118 117 -1%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 3,108 2,701 2,612 2,493 2,456 1,590 718 1,284 79%
Guilty 1,057 1,027 894 803 583 492 170 271 59%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 700 775 605 535 392 421 95 184 94%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 31 26 35 26 34 37 21 22 5%
Open Cases at End of Period 8,631 8,071 6,965 6,439 5,439 6,851 10,903 10,292 -6%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · 0% 4% 3% 1% 19% 7% 23% 229%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · 100% 72% 53% 51% 52% 62% 49% -21%
Guilty · 0% 24% 44% 36% 22% 19% 19% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · 0% 0% 0% 11% 7% 12% 9% -25%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · 1620% 480% 198% 215% 435% 890% 581% -35%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2% 4% 6% 4% 1% 11% 7% 2% -71%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 47% 47% 50% 56% 54% 49% 65% 69% 6%
Guilty 43% 41% 32% 30% 31% 24% 9% 14% 56%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 7% 11% 8% 9% 6% 0% 6% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 1% 1% 2% 5% 10% 20% 9% -55%
Open Cases at End of Period 213% 183% 180% 215% 255% 144% 517% 249% -52%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 22% 14% 20% 24% 33% 34% 67% 51% -24%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 41% 51% 44% 46% 49% 37% 16% 34% 112%
Guilty 16% 22% 20% 19% 14% 9% 10% 11% 10%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 20% 13% 15% 11% 4% 21% 7% 4% -43%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 161% 114% 121% 125% 114% 283% 672% 231% -66%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · 83% 19% 23% 30% 28% 26% 39% 50%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · 9% 52% 59% 52% 40% 60% 47% -22%
Guilty · 0% 25% 14% 10% 14% 6% 10% 67%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · 9% 5% 4% 7% 17% 8% 4% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · 1022% 261% 159% 132% 180% 901% 314% -65%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 28% 30% 30% 27% 36% 29% 35% 47% 34%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 52% 40% 42% 40% 38% 37% 39% 39% 0%
Guilty 15% 19% 21% 22% 19% 21% 16% 11% -31%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 10% 7% 10% 6% 12% 7% 4% -43%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 190% 165% 184% 156% 114% 163% 609% 275% -55%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 44% 36% 32% 35% 35% 55% 53% 61% 15%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 46% 48% 55% 56% 60% 37% 43% 31% -28%
Guilty 5% 9% 8% 6% 3% 5% 1% 3% 200%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 6% 5% 4% 2% 2% 1% 3% 200%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 122% 126% 115% 103% 66% 98% 351% 139% -60%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 51% 56% 53% 59% 57% 66% 78% 74% -5%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Diversion 0% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 36% 32% 36% 31% 38% 28% 20% 20% 0%
Guilty 9% 7% 6% 7% 3% 2% 1% 3% 200%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 3% 3% 2% 1% 2% 0% 2% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 58% 63% 62% 63% 49% 82% 206% 125% -39%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 55% 55% 57% 56% 58% 67% 74% 78% 5%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Diversion 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 28% 26% 26% 28% 29% 20% 17% 16% -6%
Guilty 8% 9% 8% 9% 6% 5% 4% 3% -25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 8% 7% 6% 4% 5% 2% 2% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 78% 81% 71% 71% 65% 95% 297% 141% -53%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc · · 0% 87% 82% 80% 89% 92% 3%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice · · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion · · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo · · 0% 7% 12% 13% 9% 7% -22%
Guilty · · 0% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal · · 0% 3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal · · 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period · · 0% 40% 40% 62% 120% 73% -39%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 58% 59% 53% 60% 63% 65% 75% 75% 0%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 2% 3% 50%
Diversion 6% 9% 12% 9% 9% 10% 9% 7% -22%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 17% 14% 15% 13% 12% 9% 7% 7% 0%
Guilty 9% 8% 10% 8% 7% 7% 5% 4% -20%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8% 8% 10% 8% 7% 7% 2% 4% 100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 49% 44% 42% 42% 46% 51% 189% 129% -32%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 39% 34% 22% 27% 47% 57% 50% 65% 30%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 2% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% Inf%
Diversion 4% 3% 6% 5% 8% 5% 11% 2% -82%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 23% 34% 35% 46% 30% 28% 22% 23% 5%
Guilty 16% 16% 20% 5% 8% 10% 11% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 14% 7% 9% 16% 5% 0% 6% 2% -67%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 4% 3% 4% 2% 3% 0% 0% 2% Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 123% 84% 67% 97% 56% 165% 256% 190% -26%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 28% 19% 26% 25% 33% 23% 39% 40% 3%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 55% 58% 59% 48% 46% 49% 41% 45% 10%
Guilty 12% 16% 8% 15% 14% 16% 14% 9% -36%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 5% 5% 10% 6% 10% 4% 4% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 115% 114% 121% 116% 89% 129% 410% 198% -52%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 31% 34% 48% 60% 46% 52% 41% 68% 66%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 1% 2% 2% 0% 4% 2% 0% 1% Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 59% 46% 48% 33% 48% 42% 55% 30% -45%
Guilty 6% 15% 2% 6% 0% 4% 3% 1% -67%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 3% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 63% 67% 104% 92% 98% 136% 434% 147% -66%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 38% 33% 40% 41% 34% 58% 50% 60% 20%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 53% 50% 50% 52% 56% 34% 33% 34% 3%
Guilty 7% 14% 7% 3% 7% 4% 8% 3% -62%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 10% 4% -60%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 121% 146% 143% 95% 77% 132% 362% 149% -59%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 48% 51% 47% 59% 64% 62% 70% 77% 10%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 5% 2% -60%
Diversion 7% 8% 9% 5% 6% 10% 7% 4% -43%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 19% 15% 20% 15% 14% 14% 10% 10% 0%
Guilty 16% 13% 15% 11% 8% 6% 4% 2% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 9% 12% 7% 8% 8% 7% 3% 5% 67%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 59% 52% 53% 52% 49% 82% 242% 178% -26%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 49% 49% 48% 51% 54% 60% 68% 70% 3%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0%
Diversion 2% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 3% 2% -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 31% 28% 30% 29% 30% 22% 20% 20% 0%
Guilty 10% 11% 10% 9% 7% 7% 5% 4% -20%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 7% 8% 7% 6% 5% 6% 3% 3% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 85% 84% 80% 76% 67% 97% 299% 160% -46%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Property

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 490 450 418 400 411 402 249 539 116%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 1 0 1 2 4 1 -75%
Diversion 16 42 19 10 13 9 6 5 -17%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 479 394 402 410 361 273 83 153 84%
Guilty 74 46 52 39 22 11 5 13 160%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 31 41 25 23 18 6 3 2 -33%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 1 0 1 2 4 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 907 786 752 669 525 695 1,224 1,040 -15%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 37 34 63 90 146 97 59 535 807%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 Inf%
Diversion 10 10 10 11 6 10 3 2 -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 313 280 247 245 197 150 66 127 92%
Guilty 29 17 9 7 6 8 1 4 300%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 10 14 6 2 2 3 0 3 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 323 355 252 313 278 314 1,365 773 -43%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 576 494 486 612 655 674 331 569 72%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 22 6 12 12 13 19 67 29 -57%
Diversion 246 335 322 254 262 213 114 49 -57%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 613 597 498 637 506 448 159 161 1%
Guilty 242 311 212 226 99 43 11 6 -45%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 64 76 52 41 31 25 7 10 43%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 5 6 2 6 3 2 2 3 50%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,480 1,461 1,419 1,347 1,299 1,452 1,781 1,703 -4%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 640 791 848 1,003 610 227 128 173 35%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 12 5 11 11 27 7 46 34 -26%
Diversion 479 455 400 288 142 43 36 3 -92%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 763 731 752 608 277 80 21 33 57%
Guilty 492 471 451 336 103 6 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 23 13 18 6 2 2 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 6 5 5 1 4 0 1 1 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,567 1,515 1,393 1,225 523 473 476 506 6%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 29 34 31 86 67 55 40 89 123%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 0 1 0 4 13 6 -54%
Diversion 19 16 23 23 16 19 7 2 -71%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 67 119 51 53 97 42 11 15 36%
Guilty 30 39 27 34 12 7 1 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4 2 4 3 2 3 0 1 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 143 82 77 160 97 130 301 126 -58%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 324 307 392 415 467 543 236 578 145%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 7 3 7 8 6 5 10 10 0%
Diversion 69 75 96 42 49 58 29 16 -45%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 355 395 426 348 287 186 84 131 56%
Guilty 108 67 61 59 27 11 6 5 -17%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 53 43 28 30 27 16 2 2 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 6 3 1 0 0 1 3 200%
Open Cases at End of Period 861 879 793 688 758 842 1,376 1,444 5%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 105 95 121 148 162 116 49 89 82%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 2 2 4 3 1 4 0 1 Inf%
Diversion 71 103 103 94 96 81 40 11 -72%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 232 230 227 171 173 94 39 56 44%
Guilty 30 23 19 25 4 2 1 1 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12 6 7 9 2 4 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 496 513 436 420 326 395 456 432 -5%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 123 129 155 170 222 261 181 297 64%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1 1 2 1 1 8 26 7 -73%
Diversion 38 41 35 32 34 38 12 1 -92%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 135 154 146 137 143 96 35 62 77%
Guilty 48 58 41 40 13 8 2 3 50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 20 15 13 13 9 7 1 2 100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 312 326 304 323 346 457 581 560 -4%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 289 157 99 128 199 156 48 139 190%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 11 5 5 0 2 4 6 2 -67%
Diversion 143 115 44 22 32 24 10 7 -30%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 125 86 108 71 80 71 13 27 108%
Guilty 69 52 29 29 17 13 6 1 -83%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 37 5 8 18 17 8 0 3 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 3 3 3 0 1 2 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 356 245 228 267 271 222 317 294 -7%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 8 15 88 12 25 16 4 17 325%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 100%
Diversion 18 21 9 8 15 2 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 18 54 62 13 19 12 4 4 0%
Guilty 15 9 4 5 2 0 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 1 2 3 1 3 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 374 166 33 49 33 25 65 71 9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2,621 2,506 2,701 3,064 2,964 2,547 1,325 3,025 128%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 55 22 43 36 51 55 173 95 -45%
Diversion 1,109 1,213 1,061 784 665 497 257 96 -63%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 3,100 3,040 2,919 2,693 2,140 1,452 515 769 49%
Guilty 1,137 1,093 905 800 305 109 35 34 -3%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 255 216 163 148 111 77 13 23 77%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 19 22 15 13 12 8 7 7 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 6,819 6,328 5,687 5,461 4,456 5,005 7,942 6,949 -13%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: Year End Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Yr-Yr
Change
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 45% 46% 46% 45% 50% 57% 71% 76% 7%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Diversion 1% 4% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 44% 40% 44% 46% 44% 39% 24% 21% -12%
Guilty 7% 5% 6% 4% 3% 2% 1% 2% 100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 4% 3% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 83% 81% 82% 76% 63% 98% 349% 146% -58%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 9% 10% 19% 25% 41% 36% 46% 79% 72%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Diversion 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 4% 2% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 78% 79% 74% 69% 55% 56% 51% 19% -63%
Guilty 7% 5% 3% 2% 2% 3% 1% 1% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 81% 100% 75% 88% 78% 116% 1058% 115% -89%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 33% 27% 31% 34% 42% 47% 48% 69% 44%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 10% 4% -60%
Diversion 14% 18% 20% 14% 17% 15% 16% 6% -62%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 35% 33% 31% 36% 32% 31% 23% 19% -17%
Guilty 14% 17% 13% 13% 6% 3% 2% 1% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 4% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 84% 80% 90% 75% 83% 102% 258% 206% -20%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 27% 32% 34% 45% 52% 62% 55% 71% 29%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 2% 20% 14% -30%
Diversion 20% 18% 16% 13% 12% 12% 15% 1% -93%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 32% 30% 30% 27% 24% 22% 9% 13% 44%
Guilty 20% 19% 18% 15% 9% 2% 1% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 65% 61% 56% 54% 45% 130% 203% 207% 2%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19% 16% 23% 43% 34% 42% 56% 79% 41%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 18% 5% -72%
Diversion 13% 8% 17% 12% 8% 15% 10% 2% -80%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 45% 57% 38% 26% 50% 32% 15% 13% -13%
Guilty 20% 19% 20% 17% 6% 5% 1% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% 0% 1% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 96% 39% 57% 80% 50% 100% 418% 112% -73%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 35% 34% 39% 46% 54% 66% 64% 78% 22%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% -67%
Diversion 8% 8% 9% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2% -75%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 39% 44% 42% 39% 33% 23% 23% 18% -22%
Guilty 12% 7% 6% 7% 3% 1% 2% 1% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 1% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 94% 98% 78% 76% 88% 103% 374% 194% -48%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 23% 21% 25% 33% 37% 39% 38% 56% 47%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% Inf%
Diversion 16% 22% 21% 21% 22% 27% 31% 7% -77%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 51% 50% 47% 38% 39% 31% 30% 35% 17%
Guilty 7% 5% 4% 6% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 109% 112% 90% 93% 74% 131% 353% 273% -23%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 34% 32% 39% 43% 52% 62% 70% 80% 14%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 2% 10% 2% -80%
Diversion 10% 10% 9% 8% 8% 9% 5% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 37% 39% 37% 35% 34% 23% 14% 17% 21%
Guilty 13% 15% 10% 10% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 4% 3% 3% 2% 2% 0% 1% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 85% 82% 77% 82% 82% 109% 226% 151% -33%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 43% 37% 33% 47% 57% 56% 56% 78% 39%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 2% 1% 2% 0% 1% 1% 7% 1% -86%
Diversion 21% 27% 15% 8% 9% 9% 12% 4% -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 19% 20% 36% 26% 23% 26% 15% 15% 0%
Guilty 10% 12% 10% 11% 5% 5% 7% 1% -86%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 1% 3% 7% 5% 3% 0% 2% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 2% 0% -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 53% 58% 77% 99% 78% 80% 373% 164% -56%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 13% 15% 53% 29% 40% 47% 44% 74% 68%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 3% 11% 9% -18%
Diversion 30% 21% 5% 20% 24% 6% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 30% 54% 37% 32% 30% 35% 44% 17% -61%
Guilty 25% 9% 2% 12% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 1% 1% 7% 2% 9% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 623% 166% 20% 120% 52% 74% 722% 309% -57%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 32% 31% 35% 41% 47% 54% 57% 75% 32%
Withdrawn in the Interest of Justice 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 7% 2% -71%
Diversion 13% 15% 14% 10% 11% 10% 11% 2% -82%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 37% 37% 37% 36% 34% 31% 22% 19% -14%
Guilty 14% 13% 12% 11% 5% 2% 2% 1% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 82% 78% 73% 72% 71% 105% 342% 172% -50%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Drugs

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.