Case Outcomes

Year to Date Through 01/17/2022

Definitions | Limitations

A case outcome refers to how the case is resolved in court. Case outcomes include Dismissal or Withdrawal, Diversion, a Guilty verdict, a Guilty plea, or an Acquittal (Not Guilty verdict). Except in the case of Acquittal, any outcome is subject to change through Refile, Reconsideration, or Appeal.

31

Average Diversions

per Month YTD

40%

of Adjudicated

Drug Possession Cases Diverted

  -83%

Retail Theft

Convictions and Diversions

118

Days since last

Poss. of Marijuana

Conviction

  -100%

Prostitution/Sex Work Convictions

vs Pre-2018 Avg

All Offenses

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 247 225 148 202 278 108 161 49% 236 179 -24%
Diversion 20 20 5 22 6 4 7 75% 20 9 -55%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 144 91 117 80 103 14 56 300% 118 74 -37%
Guilty 38 27 25 21 38 1 17 1600% 32 20 -38%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 29 18 15 17 12 1 11 1000% 24 11 -54%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 2 1 3 0 1 1 0% 2 1 -50%
Open Cases at End of Period 7,848 6,908 6,405 5,477 6,704 10,967 9,327 -15% 7,378 7,776 5%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 118 135 156 150 157 54 164 204% 126 136 8%
Diversion 57 46 32 27 23 2 2 0% 52 17 -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 103 101 80 72 50 8 26 225% 102 47 -54%
Guilty 41 50 25 11 11 0 3 Inf% 46 10 -78%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8 8 4 3 1 0 4 Inf% 8 2 -75%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 1 0 1 2 1 0 -100% 2 1 -50%
Open Cases at End of Period 6,201 5,472 5,357 4,386 4,916 7,895 6,219 -21% 5,836 5,755 -1%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 91 145 165 263 278 126 209 66% 118 208 76%
Diversion 95 90 79 70 130 4 5 25% 92 58 -37%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 184 168 190 140 104 15 48 220% 176 99 -44%
Guilty 117 88 50 31 16 0 5 Inf% 102 20 -80%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12 13 9 9 8 0 5 Inf% 12 6 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 5 41 2 4 46 3 0 -100% 23 11 -52%
Open Cases at End of Period 11,465 10,509 11,627 10,450 10,613 12,489 10,015 -20% 10,987 11,039 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 11 16 22 25 40 15 54 260% 14 31 121%
Diversion 0 0 2 5 0 2 0 -100% 0 2 Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 35 27 26 36 24 6 25 317% 31 23 -26%
Guilty 10 3 3 1 2 0 1 Inf% 6 1 -83%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3 6 3 4 3 0 1 Inf% 4 2 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 -100% 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,272 1,348 1,476 1,243 1,491 3,991 3,391 -15% 1,310 2,318 77%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 86 94 96 125 83 40 105 162% 90 90 0%
Diversion 91 67 45 48 28 12 0 -100% 79 27 -66%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 65 70 41 87 47 2 6 200% 68 37 -46%
Guilty 40 40 31 7 11 0 7 Inf% 40 11 -72%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 11 22 28 11 5 0 6 Inf% 16 10 -38%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 2 0 8 4 9 0 -100% 2 4 100%
Open Cases at End of Period 4,924 4,557 4,189 3,701 3,301 4,369 5,029 15% 4,740 4,118 -13%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 41 29 34 42 48 32 40 25% 35 39 11%
Diversion 4 9 8 5 11 2 1 -50% 6 5 -17%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 26 22 23 20 22 6 10 67% 24 16 -33%
Guilty 10 9 9 4 4 0 2 Inf% 10 4 -60%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 7 5 3 2 7 0 1 Inf% 6 3 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 2,008 1,852 1,679 1,170 1,408 1,923 1,847 -4% 1,930 1,605 -17%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 594 644 621 807 884 375 733 95% 619 684 11%
Diversion 267 232 171 177 198 26 15 -42% 250 117 -53%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 557 479 477 435 350 51 171 235% 518 297 -43%
Guilty 256 217 143 75 82 1 35 3400% 236 67 -72%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 70 72 62 46 36 1 28 2700% 71 35 -51%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 10 46 4 16 54 15 1 -93% 28 18 -36%
Open Cases at End of Period 33,718 30,646 30,733 26,427 28,433 41,634 35,828 -14% 32,182 32,611 1%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 51% 59% 48% 59% 64% 84% 64% -24% 55% 64% 16%
Diversion 4% 5% 2% 6% 1% 3% 3% 0% 4% 3% -25%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 30% 24% 38% 23% 24% 11% 22% 100% 27% 24% -11%
Guilty 8% 7% 8% 6% 9% 1% 7% 600% 8% 6% -25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 1% 4% 300% 6% 4% -33%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% -100% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 36% 40% 53% 57% 64% 83% 82% -1% 38% 68% 79%
Diversion 17% 13% 11% 10% 9% 3% 1% -67% 15% 7% -53%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 31% 30% 27% 27% 20% 12% 13% 8% 30% 20% -33%
Guilty 12% 15% 8% 4% 5% 0% 2% Inf% 14% 4% -71%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 2% Inf% 2% 1% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% -100% 0% 1% Inf%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 18% 27% 33% 51% 48% 85% 77% -9% 22% 59% 168%
Diversion 19% 17% 16% 14% 22% 3% 2% -33% 18% 11% -39%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 37% 31% 38% 27% 18% 10% 18% 80% 34% 22% -35%
Guilty 23% 16% 10% 6% 3% 0% 2% Inf% 20% 4% -80%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 0% 2% Inf% 2% 1% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 8% 0% 1% 8% 2% 0% -100% 4% 2% -50%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19% 31% 39% 35% 56% 62% 67% 8% 25% 52% 108%
Diversion 0% 0% 4% 7% 0% 8% 0% -100% 0% 4% Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 59% 52% 46% 51% 34% 25% 31% 24% 56% 37% -34%
Guilty 17% 6% 5% 1% 3% 0% 1% Inf% 12% 2% -83%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 12% 5% 6% 4% 0% 1% Inf% 8% 3% -62%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 2% 0% 3% 4% 0% -100% 0% 2% Inf%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 29% 32% 40% 44% 47% 63% 85% 35% 30% 56% 87%
Diversion 31% 23% 19% 17% 16% 19% 0% -100% 27% 14% -48%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 22% 24% 17% 30% 26% 3% 5% 67% 23% 16% -30%
Guilty 14% 14% 13% 2% 6% 0% 6% Inf% 14% 5% -64%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 7% 12% 4% 3% 0% 5% Inf% 6% 5% -17%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 0% 3% 2% 14% 0% -100% 0% 4% Inf%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 47% 39% 44% 58% 52% 80% 74% -8% 43% 62% 44%
Diversion 5% 12% 10% 7% 12% 5% 2% -60% 8% 7% -12%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 30% 30% 30% 27% 24% 15% 19% 27% 30% 23% -23%
Guilty 11% 12% 12% 5% 4% 0% 4% Inf% 12% 5% -58%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8% 7% 4% 3% 8% 0% 2% Inf% 8% 3% -62%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 34% 38% 42% 52% 55% 80% 75% -6% 36% 61% 69%
Diversion 15% 14% 12% 11% 12% 6% 2% -67% 14% 9% -36%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 32% 28% 32% 28% 22% 11% 17% 55% 30% 22% -27%
Guilty 15% 13% 10% 5% 5% 0% 4% Inf% 14% 5% -64%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 4% 4% 3% 2% 0% 3% Inf% 4% 2% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 3% 0% 1% 3% 3% 0% -100% 2% 1% -50%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Violent

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 Inf% 0 1 Inf%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1 2 3 0 4 0 5 Inf% 2 2 0%
Guilty 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 80 122 120 155 224 365 355 -3% 101 244 142%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 10 1 5 3 3 0 2 Inf% 6 3 -50%
Guilty 3 2 0 2 0 0 1 Inf% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 388 294 251 257 199 224 178 -21% 341 222 -35%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 1 3 3 0 2 1 2 100% 2 2 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 10 4 5 0 1 0 1 Inf% 7 1 -86%
Guilty 3 1 3 0 0 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 400 287 206 150 276 402 280 -30% 344 263 -24%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 2 2 2 2 1 6 500% 1 3 200%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1 5 6 4 6 1 2 100% 3 4 33%
Guilty 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 2 1 0 0 0 4 Inf% 1 1 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 273 337 362 321 443 727 718 -1% 305 514 69%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2 5 4 8 5 1 0 -100% 4 4 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 4 4 4 7 4 0 3 Inf% 4 4 0%
Guilty 1 0 2 5 5 0 0 0% 0 2 Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 0% 1 1 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 417 377 391 347 414 631 532 -16% 397 463 17%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19 6 8 11 6 8 7 -12% 12 8 -33%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 16 13 22 6 7 2 3 50% 14 8 -43%
Guilty 3 1 3 0 0 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,029 927 798 524 529 885 625 -29% 978 672 -31%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 21 22 11 11 29 11 12 9% 22 15 -32%
Diversion 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 -100% 1 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 8 7 9 7 3 0 0 0% 8 4 -50%
Guilty 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 460 414 434 335 395 553 413 -25% 437 426 -3%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 130 102 51 95 112 46 67 46% 116 74 -36%
Diversion 5 2 0 8 2 0 1 Inf% 4 2 -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 55 32 32 23 32 7 23 229% 44 23 -48%
Guilty 12 11 9 9 11 0 6 Inf% 12 7 -42%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 18 6 2 9 5 0 3 Inf% 12 4 -67%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 3,116 2,633 2,197 1,823 2,315 3,907 3,173 -19% 2,874 2,683 -7%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 4 10 20 12 7 -42% 0 11 Inf%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0 0 1 4 1 0 3 Inf% 0 2 Inf%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 0 11 107 122 209 297 256 -14% 6 198 3200%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 43 47 32 37 48 12 24 100% 45 31 -31%
Diversion 10 13 3 11 3 1 3 200% 12 4 -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 11 8 8 9 18 2 5 150% 10 8 -20%
Guilty 5 5 3 2 7 1 5 400% 5 4 -20%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4 6 3 2 1 0 1 Inf% 5 1 -80%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 743 611 622 598 649 1,137 1,025 -10% 677 806 19%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 4 1 1 1 3 1 9 800% 2 3 50%
Diversion 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0% 2 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 0% 1 1 0%
Guilty 3 1 0 0 3 0 1 Inf% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3 1 0 0 1 0 0 0% 2 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 81 54 49 34 52 84 85 1% 68 61 -10%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 1 6 2 5 4 1 -75% 0 4 Inf%
Diversion 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 -100% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 6 5 3 7 7 1 5 400% 6 5 -17%
Guilty 0 1 2 1 2 0 1 Inf% 0 1 Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0% 0 1 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 246 235 257 255 278 441 389 -12% 240 324 35%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2 1 0 1 0 4 2 -50% 2 1 -50%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 1 0 1 0 4 0 0 0% 0 1 Inf%
Guilty 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 35 51 44 57 59 124 97 -22% 43 76 77%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 2 3 1 2 4 3 1 -67% 2 2 0%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2 7 6 2 4 1 1 0% 4 3 -25%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 106 121 98 88 102 164 116 -29% 114 114 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 22 32 24 22 41 4 21 425% 27 22 -19%
Diversion 2 2 2 3 0 1 3 200% 2 2 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 18 2 7 8 9 0 3 Inf% 10 5 -50%
Guilty 6 2 1 1 6 0 3 Inf% 4 2 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2 1 7 3 1 0 2 Inf% 2 3 50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1 0 0 2 0 1 1 0% 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 474 434 469 411 560 1,026 1,085 6% 454 710 56%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 247 225 148 202 278 108 161 49% 236 179 -24%
Diversion 20 20 5 22 6 4 7 75% 20 9 -55%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 144 91 117 80 103 14 56 300% 118 74 -37%
Guilty 38 27 25 21 38 1 17 1600% 32 20 -38%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 29 18 15 17 12 1 11 1000% 24 11 -54%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 2 1 3 0 1 1 0% 2 1 -50%
Open Cases at End of Period 7,848 6,908 6,405 5,477 6,704 10,967 9,327 -15% 7,378 7,776 5%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 29% Inf% 0% 10% Inf%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 100% 67% 100% 0% 80% 0% 71% Inf% 84% 50% -40%
Guilty 0% 33% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 16% 0% -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 7% 0% 17% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 3% -25%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 71% 33% 83% 60% 100% 0% 67% Inf% 52% 62% 19%
Guilty 21% 67% 0% 40% 0% 0% 33% Inf% 44% 15% -66%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 7% 38% 27% 0% 40% 100% 67% -33% 22% 47% 114%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 71% 50% 45% 0% 20% 0% 33% Inf% 60% 20% -67%
Guilty 21% 12% 27% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 16% 5% -69%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 40% 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 20% 20% 29% 22% 50% 50% 0% 10% 34% 240%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 33% 50% 60% 57% 67% 50% 17% -66% 42% 50% 19%
Guilty 67% 10% 10% 14% 11% 0% 0% 0% 38% 7% -82%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 20% 10% 0% 0% 0% 33% Inf% 10% 9% -10%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 29% 45% 33% 36% 36% 100% 0% -100% 37% 41% 11%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 57% 36% 33% 32% 29% 0% 100% Inf% 46% 39% -15%
Guilty 14% 0% 17% 23% 36% 0% 0% 0% 7% 15% 114%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 18% 17% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 5% -44%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 49% 30% 24% 65% 43% 80% 70% -12% 40% 56% 40%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 41% 65% 67% 35% 50% 20% 30% 50% 53% 40% -25%
Guilty 8% 5% 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 2% -67%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 0% 0% 0% 7% 0% 0% 0% 2% 1% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 72% 71% 52% 61% 91% 92% 100% 9% 72% 79% 10%
Diversion 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% 8% 0% -100% 3% 2% -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 28% 23% 43% 39% 9% 0% 0% 0% 26% 18% -31%
Guilty 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 59% 67% 54% 66% 69% 87% 67% -23% 63% 69% 10%
Diversion 2% 1% 0% 6% 1% 0% 1% Inf% 2% 2% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 25% 21% 34% 16% 20% 13% 23% 77% 23% 21% -9%
Guilty 5% 7% 10% 6% 7% 0% 6% Inf% 6% 6% 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8% 4% 2% 6% 3% 0% 3% Inf% 6% 3% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 0% 80% 71% 91% 100% 70% -30% 0% 82% Inf%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 0% 0% 20% 29% 5% 0% 30% Inf% 0% 17% Inf%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 59% 58% 65% 61% 62% 75% 63% -16% 58% 65% 12%
Diversion 14% 16% 6% 18% 4% 6% 8% 33% 15% 8% -47%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 15% 10% 16% 15% 23% 12% 13% 8% 12% 16% 33%
Guilty 7% 6% 6% 3% 9% 6% 13% 117% 6% 7% 17%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 7% 6% 3% 1% 0% 3% Inf% 6% 3% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 29% 20% 14% 100% 43% 100% 90% -10% 24% 69% 188%
Diversion 14% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 17% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 7% 20% 71% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14% 14% 0%
Guilty 21% 20% 0% 0% 43% 0% 10% Inf% 20% 11% -45%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 21% 20% 0% 0% 14% 0% 0% 0% 20% 3% -85%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 7% 0% 14% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 3% -25%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 14% 55% 18% 31% 57% 12% -79% 7% 35% 400%
Diversion 12% 0% 0% 0% 6% 14% 0% -100% 6% 4% -33%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 75% 71% 27% 64% 44% 14% 62% 343% 73% 42% -42%
Guilty 0% 14% 18% 9% 12% 0% 12% Inf% 7% 10% 43%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12% 0% 0% 9% 6% 14% 12% -14% 6% 8% 33%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 67% 50% 0% 100% 0% 100% 100% 0% 58% 60% 3%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 33% 0% 100% 0% 80% 0% 0% 0% 16% 36% 125%
Guilty 0% 50% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 25% 4% -84%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 50% 30% 14% 50% 44% 75% 50% -33% 40% 47% 18%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 50% 70% 86% 50% 44% 25% 50% 100% 60% 51% -15%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 0% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 43% 82% 59% 56% 72% 67% 64% -4% 62% 64% 3%
Diversion 4% 5% 5% 8% 0% 17% 9% -47% 4% 8% 100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 35% 5% 17% 21% 16% 0% 9% Inf% 20% 13% -35%
Guilty 12% 5% 2% 3% 11% 0% 9% Inf% 8% 5% -38%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4% 3% 17% 8% 2% 0% 6% Inf% 4% 7% 75%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2% 0% 0% 5% 0% 17% 3% -82% 1% 5% 400%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 51% 59% 48% 59% 64% 84% 64% -24% 55% 64% 16%
Diversion 4% 5% 2% 6% 1% 3% 3% 0% 4% 3% -25%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 30% 24% 38% 23% 24% 11% 22% 100% 27% 24% -11%
Guilty 8% 7% 8% 6% 9% 1% 7% 600% 8% 6% -25%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 1% 4% 300% 6% 4% -33%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% -100% 0% 0% 0%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Property

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 25 20 20 19 15 9 19 111% 22 16 -27%
Diversion 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 15 14 15 8 11 0 3 Inf% 14 7 -50%
Guilty 4 2 0 0 3 0 0 0% 3 1 -67%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 2 0 0 0 0 2 Inf% 2 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 778 713 674 537 703 1,255 954 -24% 746 825 11%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 1 1 5 12 12 2 21 950% 1 10 900%
Diversion 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 4 3 11 10 5 3 1 -67% 4 6 50%
Guilty 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 351 262 298 262 330 1,329 665 -50% 306 577 89%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19 26 30 42 48 12 37 208% 22 34 55%
Diversion 17 20 17 8 6 0 1 Inf% 18 6 -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 25 27 13 19 13 5 9 80% 26 12 -54%
Guilty 7 22 5 4 5 0 1 Inf% 14 3 -79%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 4 1 2 2 1 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 -100% 0 1 Inf%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,442 1,366 1,320 1,303 1,399 1,787 1,545 -14% 1,404 1,471 5%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 39 39 51 7 18 9 8 -11% 39 19 -51%
Diversion 26 17 7 4 5 1 0 -100% 22 3 -86%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 23 23 14 5 4 0 1 Inf% 23 5 -78%
Guilty 21 19 14 1 1 0 0 0% 20 3 -85%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 1,483 1,321 1,181 468 404 437 420 -4% 1,402 582 -58%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 2 6 3 3 1 3 200% 1 3 200%
Diversion 0 0 1 3 0 1 0 -100% 0 1 Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2 1 9 1 3 0 0 0% 2 3 50%
Guilty 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 88 78 146 97 124 303 121 -60% 83 158 90%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 15 21 18 29 31 9 54 500% 18 28 56%
Diversion 4 2 1 2 4 0 0 0% 3 1 -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 12 13 9 12 7 0 4 Inf% 12 6 -50%
Guilty 0 3 2 1 2 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 3 1 0 0 0 1 Inf% 2 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 855 771 693 756 847 1,392 1,296 -7% 813 997 23%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 8 8 5 8 6 2 7 250% 8 6 -25%
Diversion 3 4 3 3 5 0 1 Inf% 4 2 -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 9 9 1 8 4 0 3 Inf% 9 3 -67%
Guilty 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Inf% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 503 423 430 338 392 461 390 -15% 463 402 -13%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 5 8 3 20 14 5 9 80% 6 10 67%
Diversion 2 0 2 3 2 0 0 0% 1 1 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 5 8 8 0 1 0 3 Inf% 6 2 -67%
Guilty 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 312 288 317 332 481 563 496 -12% 300 438 46%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 6 9 15 8 10 5 6 20% 8 9 12%
Diversion 2 1 1 4 0 0 0 0% 2 1 -50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 6 2 0 9 2 0 1 Inf% 4 2 -50%
Guilty 4 3 2 0 0 0 2 Inf% 4 1 -75%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 228 219 253 259 214 306 273 -11% 224 261 17%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 1 3 2 0 0 0 0% 0 1 Inf%
Diversion 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 Inf% 2 0 -100%
Guilty 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 161 31 45 34 22 62 59 -5% 96 44 -54%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 118 135 156 150 157 54 164 204% 126 136 8%
Diversion 57 46 32 27 23 2 2 0% 52 17 -67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 103 101 80 72 50 8 26 225% 102 47 -54%
Guilty 41 50 25 11 11 0 3 Inf% 46 10 -78%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 8 8 4 3 1 0 4 Inf% 8 2 -75%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2 1 0 1 2 1 0 -100% 2 1 -50%
Open Cases at End of Period 6,201 5,472 5,357 4,386 4,916 7,895 6,219 -21% 5,836 5,755 -1%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 53% 53% 57% 70% 52% 100% 79% -21% 53% 72% 36%
Diversion 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 32% 37% 43% 30% 38% 0% 12% Inf% 34% 25% -26%
Guilty 9% 5% 0% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 7% 2% -71%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% Inf% 4% 2% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 14% 17% 31% 50% 67% 40% 95% 138% 16% 57% 256%
Diversion 0% 33% 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% 16% 1% -94%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 57% 50% 69% 42% 28% 60% 5% -92% 54% 41% -24%
Guilty 29% 0% 0% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 14% 1% -93%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 26% 27% 45% 55% 65% 67% 77% 15% 26% 62% 138%
Diversion 24% 21% 25% 11% 8% 0% 2% Inf% 22% 9% -59%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 35% 28% 19% 25% 18% 28% 19% -32% 32% 22% -31%
Guilty 10% 23% 7% 5% 7% 0% 2% Inf% 16% 4% -75%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 6% 1% 3% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% 4% 1% -75%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 6% 0% -100% 0% 2% Inf%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 35% 40% 59% 41% 64% 90% 89% -1% 38% 69% 82%
Diversion 23% 17% 8% 24% 18% 10% 0% -100% 20% 12% -40%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 20% 23% 16% 29% 14% 0% 11% Inf% 22% 14% -36%
Guilty 19% 19% 16% 6% 4% 0% 0% 0% 19% 5% -74%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 50% 38% 33% 50% 50% 100% 100% 25% 54% 116%
Diversion 0% 0% 6% 33% 0% 50% 0% -100% 0% 18% Inf%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 67% 25% 56% 11% 50% 0% 0% 0% 46% 23% -50%
Guilty 33% 25% 0% 22% 0% 0% 0% 0% 29% 4% -86%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 47% 49% 58% 66% 69% 100% 92% -8% 48% 77% 60%
Diversion 12% 5% 3% 5% 9% 0% 0% 0% 8% 3% -62%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 38% 30% 29% 27% 16% 0% 7% Inf% 34% 16% -53%
Guilty 0% 7% 6% 2% 4% 0% 0% 0% 4% 2% -50%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 3% 7% 3% 0% 0% 0% 2% Inf% 5% 1% -80%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 2% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% -100%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 40% 38% 56% 40% 40% 100% 58% -42% 39% 59% 51%
Diversion 15% 19% 33% 15% 33% 0% 8% Inf% 17% 18% 6%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 45% 43% 11% 40% 27% 0% 25% Inf% 44% 21% -52%
Guilty 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 8% Inf% 0% 2% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 36% 44% 21% 83% 82% 100% 75% -25% 40% 72% 80%
Diversion 14% 0% 14% 12% 12% 0% 0% 0% 7% 8% 14%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 36% 44% 57% 0% 6% 0% 25% Inf% 40% 18% -55%
Guilty 14% 0% 7% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 7% 2% -71%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 6% 0% -100%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 33% 60% 79% 38% 83% 100% 67% -33% 46% 73% 59%
Diversion 11% 7% 5% 19% 0% 0% 0% 0% 9% 5% -44%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 33% 13% 0% 43% 17% 0% 11% Inf% 23% 14% -39%
Guilty 22% 20% 11% 0% 0% 0% 22% Inf% 21% 7% -67%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0% 50% 75% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 35% 40%
Diversion 33% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 16% 0% -100%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 67% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% Inf% 58% 20% -66%
Guilty 0% 0% 25% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 5% Inf%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 36% 40% 53% 57% 64% 83% 82% -1% 38% 68% 79%
Diversion 17% 13% 11% 10% 9% 3% 1% -67% 15% 7% -53%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 31% 30% 27% 27% 20% 12% 13% 8% 30% 20% -33%
Guilty 12% 15% 8% 4% 5% 0% 2% Inf% 14% 4% -71%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 2% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 2% Inf% 2% 1% -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% -100% 0% 1% Inf%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Drugs

The offense categories have recently changed. Please see this data story and the definitions page for more information.
The courts have processed very few cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases that were completed during the pandemic were more likely than prior years to be withdrawals and dismissals because those types of outcomes could be easily processed without a court appearance. Many cases that require a court appearance are still pending.

Raw Counts

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category

Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 6 1 6 9 8 0 15 Inf% 4 8 100%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 14 13 4 9 10 0 6 Inf% 14 6 -57%
Guilty 1 3 1 0 1 0 0 0% 2 0 -100%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 Inf% 0 1 Inf%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0% 1 0 -100%
Open Cases at End of Period 555 485 496 338 442 1,048 740 -29% 520 613 18%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 36 79 88 142 115 39 120 208% 58 101 74%
Diversion 3 3 0 4 15 2 3 50% 3 5 67%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 116 106 117 78 80 14 41 193% 111 66 -41%
Guilty 27 15 10 8 6 0 3 Inf% 21 5 -76%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 10 8 6 6 7 0 4 Inf% 9 5 -44%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 29 0 1 27 0 0 0% 14 6 -57%
Open Cases at End of Period 5,722 5,311 5,435 4,809 4,821 7,152 5,941 -17% 5,516 5,632 2%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 49 65 71 111 153 87 74 -15% 57 99 74%
Diversion 92 87 79 66 114 2 2 0% 90 53 -41%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 52 48 68 52 14 0 1 Inf% 50 27 -46%
Guilty 89 70 39 23 9 0 2 Inf% 80 15 -81%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 1 5 3 2 0 0 0 0% 3 1 -67%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 5 10 2 3 18 3 0 -100% 8 5 -38%
Open Cases at End of Period 5,128 4,660 5,671 5,285 5,289 4,199 3,273 -22% 4,894 4,743 -3%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0% 0 1 Inf%
Diversion 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 -100% 2 1 -50%
Guilty 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0% 0 0 0%
Open Cases at End of Period 60 53 25 18 61 90 61 -32% 56 51 -9%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 91 145 165 263 278 126 209 66% 118 208 76%
Diversion 95 90 79 70 130 4 5 25% 92 58 -37%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 184 168 190 140 104 15 48 220% 176 99 -44%
Guilty 117 88 50 31 16 0 5 Inf% 102 20 -80%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 12 13 9 9 8 0 5 Inf% 12 6 -50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 5 41 2 4 46 3 0 -100% 23 11 -52%
Open Cases at End of Period 11,465 10,509 11,627 10,450 10,613 12,489 10,015 -20% 10,987 11,039 0%
Areas in red coincide with the COVID-19 pandemic. During the pandemic, the criminal legal system has operated completely differently than it normally does. The changes that can be observed on our dashboard include: 1) isolation, closed schools, and the loss of community programming has led to an increase in serious violent crime, 2) police have made fewer arrests overall (in particular for minor offenses), 3) court policies and other restrictions meant to keep people safe have also disrupted or delayed court hearings and led to a significant increase in open cases forced dismissals and withdrawals. See our report on the justice system during COVID-19 to learn more.

Rates

Data: YTD Case Outcomes by Offense Category
Offense Category Disposition Type 2016 YTD 2017 YTD 2018 YTD 2019 YTD 2020 YTD 2021 YTD 2022 YTD Yr-Yr
Change
’16-’17
Avg
’18-’22
Avg
’16-’17 Avg
Compared to
’18-’22 Avg
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 27% 5% 55% 47% 38% 0% 68% Inf% 16% 42% 162%
Diversion 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Guilty Plea/Nolo 64% 68% 36% 47% 48% 0% 27% Inf% 66% 32% -52%
Guilty 5% 16% 9% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 10% 3% -70%
Not Guilty/Acquittal 5% 0% 0% 5% 5% 0% 5% Inf% 2% 3% 50%
Exonerated/Won on Appeal 0% 11% 0% 0% 5% 0% 0% 0% 6% 1% -83%
Dismissed/Withdrawn/Etc 19% 33% 40% 59% 46% 71% 70% -1% 26% 57% 119%
Diversion 2% 1% 0% 2% 6% 4% 2% -50% 2% 3% 50%
Guilty Plea/Nolo</